Investment Visa Overview

Spain Residency & Citizenship options

Spain is an attractive option for international investors looking for residency options. Spain offers a number of programs that provide residency in Spain for investors, such as the Golden Visa program. The Golden Visa program provides residency in Spain to non-EU citizens who make a qualifying investment in Spain. Spain also offers a residence permit for investors program, which provides residence to non-EU citizens who make a minimum investment of €2 million in Spain. These programs provide international investors with an opportunity to live and work in Spain while enjoying the many benefits that the country has to offer.

Program 1
  • Name
    Investor Visa (Public Debt)
  • Description

    Purchase Spanish public debt securities in order to receive a temporary residency visa. This can later be renewed and eventually lead to permanent residency & citizenship.

  • Requirements

    Purchase a minimum of 1,000,000 Euro in Spanish debt securities.

  • Validity
    1 year or 2 years (1y-2y-5y)
  • Investment Type
    Passive
  • Avg. Processing Time
    3 weeks
  • Investment Amount
    1,000,000 Euro
  • Avg. Agent Fee
    $50,000
  • Physical Presence Requirement
    1 day (visit Spain at least once)
  • Can family be included?
    Yes
Program 2
  • Name
    Investor Visa (Real Estate)
  • Description

    Purchase Spanish Real Estate in order to receive a temporary residency visa. This can later be renewed and eventually lead to permanent residency & citizenship.

  • Requirements

    Purchase a property in Spain with a minimum value of 500,000 Euro.

  • Validity
    1 year or 2 years (1y-2y-5y)
  • Investment Type
    Real Estate
  • Processing Time
    1 month
  • Investment Amount
    500,000 Euro
  • Avg. Agent Fee
    $40,000
  • Physical Presence Requirement
    1 day of the year
  • Can family be included?
    Yes
Program 3
  • Name
    Investor Visa (Shares or bank deposits)
  • Description

    Invest in unlisted shares and equity.

  • Requirements

    Investment declaration submitted to the Investments Register of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Registro de Inversiones). OR Listed shares: document from a registered financial broker with the National Securities Market Commission (CMNV) or the Bank of Spain. OR Shares of a Spanish investment fund: a certificate from the fund management business based in Spain and registered with the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV) showing that the applicant has invested at least EUR1 million in one or more funds managed by the company. Certificate from the financial institution attesting that the applicant is the single owner of the bank deposit.

  • Validity
    1 year or 2 years (1y-2y-5y)
  • Investment Type
    Passive
  • Processing Time
    1 month
  • Investment Amount
    1,000,000 Euro
  • Avg. Agent fee
    1,000,000 Euro
  • Physical Presence Requirement
    1 day of the year
  • Can family be included?
    Yes
Program 4
  • Name
    Investor Visa (Business Project)
  • Description

    To be eligible for the visa, your business must meet certain criteria. The project must be innovative and create new jobs in Spain. It must also have a positive impact on the Spanish economy, whether through promoting exports or attracting foreign investment. If your business meets these requirements, you can apply for a Spain business project investment visa.

  • Requirements

    For the Business project Investment Visa for Spain there is no minimum investment requirement, but the business must be of general interest: A) Creation of jobs, B) Social and economic impact on the geographical area where they are made or C) Significant contribution to scientific and/or technological innovation.

  • Validity
    1 year or 2 years (1y-2y-5y)
  • Investment Type
    Active
  • Processing Time
    1 month
  • Investment Amount
    No minimum
  • Avg. Agent Fee
    N/A
  • Physical Presence Requirement
    181 days of the year
  • Can Family be included?
    Yes
Program 5
  • Name
    Spain Start-up Visa
  • Description

    If you are a non-EU citizen interested in launching an innovative enterprise of particular economic relevance in Spain, you can take advantage of Spain's entrepreneur migration program.

  • Requirements

    For the Start-up visa for Spain there is no minimum investment requirement, but the start up must be of general interest: A) Creation of jobs, B) Social and economic impact on the geographical area where they are made or C) Significant contribution to scientific and/or technological innovation.

  • Validity
    1 year or 2 years (1y-2y-5y)
  • Investment Type
    Active
  • Processing Time
    1 month
  • Investment Amount
    No minimum
  • Avg. Agent Fee
    N/A
  • Physical Presence Requirements
    Yes
  • Can family be included?
    Yes
Official Government Website
Passport Overview

According to the SovSpot Passport Ranking Index, the Spanish passport is now ranked third. It allows entrance to 194 countries without requiring a visa. With a very high mobility score, it is regarded one of the most sought passports in the world. Visa-free travel and visas on arrival are available to holders of Spanish passports in countries such as Brazil, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States. This enables for practically instantaneous travel around the planet. Spanish passport holders, on the other hand, need a visa to visit around 35 countries throughout the world. China, India, and Russia are among the countries where a visa is necessary.

Passport Rank

3

Visa Free Countries

194

Mobility Stats
  • Dual Citizenship Allowed?
    Yes
  • Visa Free Destinations
    144
  • Visa on Arrival
    38
  • Visa Online
    12
  • Visa Required
    8
  • Visa Free Access
    Schengen, USA, UK, Canada, Japan
  • World Surface Area Reachable
    62%
  • Unesco Heritage Sites Access
    50%
Passport Ranking Factors

Spain Passport Visa Free Countries

The number of countries Spain passport holders can enter without a visa (i.e. visa-free countries) is added to the number of countries Spain passport holders can enter by obtaining a visa on arrival (i.e. visa-on-arrival countries) or an electronic travel authorization (i.e. visa-on-arrival countries) (eTA). There are now 144 visa-free countries for Spain passport holders, 38 visa-on-arrival countries for Spain passport holders, and 12 eTA destinations. In total, Spain passport holders can visit 194 countries without a visa, via a visa on arrival, or using an eTA. As a result, Spain's passport is ranked number three in the world. Apart from the visa-free and visa-on-arrival countries, there are 35 additional countries where Spain passport holders will require a physical visa or an eVisa (i.e. visa required countries). The Spanish passport is one of the world's most coveted and powerful passports. It allows its users to travel to over 190 countries and territories without needing a visa. Citizenship in Spain can be obtained in a number of ways, including birth, descent, marriage, residency, and naturalization. After ten years of holding a Spain Golden Visa, individuals can petition for citizenship. The Spain Golden Visa Program, which began in 2013, allows investors and their families to obtain a resident visa in Spain by investing in real estate. The resident permit in Spain is valid for two years and can be renewed every two years. There is no requirement to live in the nation to renew or maintain the residency permit.

Citizenship by Descent

Spanish Citizenship by Descent

The nationality law of Spain has evolved over time, and there are generational restrictions dependent on the year you were born. You can apply for Spanish citizenship through ancestry up to the second generation if the following conditions are met:

  • One or both of your parents are Spanish citizens.
  • You have at least one grandmother who was a Spanish citizen whose citizenship was forcefully revoked.
  • You were born in Latin America, yet one of your grandparents was born in Spain.
Citizenship by Descent - Details
  • CBD Available?
    Yes
  • Generations
    2
  • Avg. Processing Time (mo.)
    18
Citizenship by Descent - Footnotes

Note: Keep in mind that the costs for citizenship by descent applications can vary and depend on many factors, such as:

  • The availability of official documents in different countries (if past family members migrated);
  • The availability of historic documents;
  • Sworn translation costs;
  • Price only includes main applicant, in case of adding children or spouses, this can incur additional costs);
  • Whether or not a genealogist is needed to prove ancestry;
  • Other unforeseen costs.

* In the case of first generation citizenship by descent, we assumed ONLY administration costs, which will be around $100 or less (usually free if application is done in the same country versus foreign embassy or consulate)

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