Czech citizenship by descent
If you are a direct descendant of a Czech citizen, you can reclaim your Czech citizenship through the declaration process if you have never held Czech or Slovak citizenship.
Since 2013, the Czech government has permitted dual citizenship. This implies you are eligible for a second passport and can freely live, work, and study in any of the 28 EU member nations.
Because of the Section 31(3) modification to the Citizenship Law of the Czech Republic (“ACCR”), descendants of former Czech and Czechoslovak citizens to the second generation (grandchildren) have been able to claim citizenship by descent since September 2019.
Since the new Czech Citizenship Act was brought into law in 2014, former citizens have been able to reclaim their lost Czech or Czechoslovak citizenship.
How does Czech citizenship by descent work?
A person can obtain Czech citizenship through descent if he or she has Czech ancestors. The approach is more complicated because sufficient documentation of Czech/Czechoslovak ancestry must be provided.
You can reclaim your Czech citizenship by establishing your ancestry and meeting the Czech government’s eligibility requirements. Your application form must be supported with translated ancestral and personal documentation into Czech.
How can I know if I’m eligible to become a Czech citizen?
Many persons qualify for Czech citizenship through descent if their parents or grandparents were born in the Czech Republic.
A person has the right to petition for Czech citizenship by descent if he or she has (or had) a mother, father, or grandparents of Czech heritage or who are/were Czech nationals.
However, certain conditions must be completed by the parents, as the Czech Republic has adopted special legal laws that can limit such people’s claim to citizenship. The existing law does not govern Czech citizenship through great-grandparent descent (third generation).
To be deemed eligible, an applicant must have at least one direct ancestor (parent or grandparent) who meets the following criteria:
- Is from the Czech Republic. AND
- Did not leave the country before 1918.
- Did not become or would not have become a Slovak citizen. AND
- Did not lose Czech or Czechoslovak citizenship. OR
- Had Czechoslovak citizenship until December 31, 1992, and has not said whether they are now Czech or Slovak.
If the applicant’s ancestor fits the above-mentioned qualifications, he or she is likewise eligible to petition for citizenship.
Aside from this, another issue may arise. The applicant’s ancestor was a Czechoslovakian citizen until December 31, 1992, and has not declared whether he or she is a Czech or a Slovak citizen since that time.
Please keep in mind that gaining Czech citizenship by descent is not a difficult process, but the applicant must acquire all of the documentation required by Czech immigration legislation, including documents attesting to the descent relationship between the applicant and the forebears.
More difficult procedures (addressing to local institutions) may emerge here, necessitating the assistance of our immigration lawyer in Czech Republic.
What are the rules regarding Czech citizenship by descent?
Citizenship in the Czech Republic can be earned by completing the legal procedure for declaration of citizenship. Persons who have lost their Czech/Czechoslovakian citizenship can apply for citizenship by declaration.
It also applies to individuals who are descended from Czech nationals or were Czech nationals, as long as they are the applicant’s parents or grandparents.
Please keep in mind that the candidate can only have one person of Czech ancestry. The following rules apply:
- Those who have lost their citizenship may apply if they did so before the effective date of Act No. 186/2013 Coll (Act on Citizenship of the Czech Republic);
- A person in the aforementioned situation may apply if he or she meets the requirements of Section 31, Paragraph 1 of the Czech Law before January 1, 2014;
- According to Section 31, paragraph 2, former Czechoslovak citizens who were permanent residents of the Czech Republic/Czech Socialist Republic have this right as well.
- Section 31, paragraph 3 specifies that people with parents or grandparents who are/were Czech (or Czechoslovakian) nationals can apply for citizenship.
* The latter was modified by Act No. 2017/2019 Coll (6 September, 2019).
All applicants for Czech Republic citizenship by descent will submit their applications together with the required documents to the country’s Regional Authorities. The Ministry of Interior, on the other hand, makes the decision on citizenship issuance.
The Regional Authority will forward the application to the Ministry of Interior within 30 days of receiving the files from the applicant.
A decision can be rendered in 180 days from the date the Ministry receives the application.
Naturalization for Citizenship in the Czech Republic
This is a slightly different route for citizenship. You are eligible to apply for naturalization and become a Czech citizen if you meet the following criteria:
- You have spent the last five years in the Czech Republic with a permanent residence visa.
- You have resided in the Czech Republic for at least three years and are a citizen of another EU nation.
- You are under the age of 15, and your parents apply on your behalf.
If you want to apply for Czech Republic citizenship by naturalization, you must meet the following criteria:
- Evidence that you can speak Czech fluently.
- No felony convictions.
- Have a fundamental understanding of the Czech Republic’s system.
- You should be familiar with Czech culture, society, history, and geography.
- Evidence that you can support yourself and pay taxes in the Czech Republic.
- Evidence of ties to the Czech Republic, such as a family member, a friend, or a job.
- Provide evidence that you will not pose a threat to the Czech Republic’s state.
The Czech Citizenship Application
You must apply for Czech citizenship at one of the following locations, depending on where you live at the time of application:
- Submit your application to the Municipal Authority if you are in Prague.
- If you live elsewhere in the Czech Republic, apply to a regional authority office (krajsk ad).
- If you are outside of the Czech Republic, send your application to the Czech embassy or consulate competent for your country.
Because the Czech Ministry of Interior (MOI) analyzes your application for Czech citizenship, local authorities that accept it will submit it to the MOI within 30 days.
On the day of your appointment, you must submit all additional essential documents and fill out the application form at the regional/municipal government or embassy.
You can apply for a Czech Republic passport after receiving your citizenship certificate.
The Czech passport has the following validity period:
- Adults: 10 years.
- Five years for youngsters under the age of fifteen.
A Czech passport must be obtained from the Ministry of Interior (MOI). While applying for a passport outside of the Czech Republic, the processing time is 120 days; however, when applying in the Czech Republic, the processing time is 30 days.
Czech Nationality Administration Fee
When applying for Czech citizenship, you must pay the following administration fee:
- For adults, K 2000 is around €82.
- K 500 (about €20) for small children.
- K 500 (about €20) for asylum seekers
Is it possible to have dual citizenship in the Czech Republic?
Yes, the Czech Republic allows dual citizenship. This law allows you to keep your original country’s passport (provided that country also allows it). This gives you the following advantages:
- It is possible to travel between more countries (more mobility).
- You are free to work in both nations.
- You can live, own property, and operate a business in both countries.
The disadvantage of having dual citizenship is that you could be forced to pay two different taxes to each country, and you must follow the laws of both countries.
The Advantages of Czech Citizenship
Being a Czech Republic citizen entitles you to:
- Live, work, and study in one of the 28 member countries of the European Union.
- Travel to 183 different countries without a visa.
- Live a calm life surrounded by gorgeous buildings, amazing views, job possibilities, and a secure economy.
- Czech citizens can keep any foreign citizenship you already have.
Czech Republic Citizenship Test
Every participant who wishes to apply for Czech Republic citizenship must take the exam. According to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, you must have a B1 language level (CEFR).
The exam comprises the following components:
- Written component. Writing abilities, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension are all included.
- Speaking role This includes communication skills.
If you want to apply for the Czech language online, you must do it here. However, if you wish to apply in person, you must go to the test location where the test will be held. You must register for the exam at least 14 days in advance of the exam date.
To pass the exam, you must score at least 60% on each section. If a candidate fails any part of the exam, they must retake the entire exam from the beginning.
If you pass the exam, you will receive your certificate in the mail within seven weeks.
The Czech exam costs CZK 3 700 (about €150). You must make the payment for the application form within 7 days of submitting the exam application form.
Who is exempt from the Czech Republic’s Language Test?
You do not need to complete the Czech Republic language test if you are:
- An applicant who has completed two or three years of Czech language school.
- An applicant who is under the age of 15 or over the age of 65.
- An applicant who has a medical condition that prevents them from studying Czech.
- An applicant who has studied the Czech language.
- An applicant who has passed a state exam in Czech.